The EPO Enlarged Board of Appeal (EBA) recently answered questions referred under consolidated cases G 1/22 and G 2/22, and has introduced a welcome relaxation in practice in the assessment of the validity of a priority claim. The EBA found the EPO to be competent to assess whether a party is entitled to claim priority, and further found that there is a rebuttable presumption that the applicant claiming priority is entitled to claim priority. The EBA found that the rebuttable presumption of entitlement to claim priority is strong under normal circumstances but is rebuttable in rare exceptional cases as the priority applicant may have legitimate reasons not to allow the subsequent applicant to rely on the priority. Any party challenging entitlement to priority cannot just raise speculative doubts but must demonstrate specific facts that support doubts about the subsequent applicant’s entitlement to priority.